Microsoft’s new Windows 10 S will take on Chrome OS

Microsoft’s Windows 10 S is targeted at classrooms, and top PC makers will ship low-cost laptops with the OS in summer

Microsoft hopes a new Windows 10 operating system called Windows 10 S will usurp Chromebook’s domination in education and provide a better way for students to learn.

The new version of Windows, announced at an event in New York Tuesday, is targeted at teachers, students, artists and creators. It’s got features very similar to that of Chrome OS in Chromebooks, which dominates the education market.

It has a traditional Windows 10 desktop look, and will only run applications downloaded from the Windows App store. That means all applications will be verified and secure.

Windows 10

Different Version of Windows and its features.

Windows 10 acts like a “container” that will run secure apps. A version of Microsoft’s Office Suite will also come to Windows 10 S.

The container model is similar to that of Chrome OS, which can use only apps available in the Chrome Web Store. Chromebooks populate classrooms in the U.S. and Sweden, and their adoption is growing in other parts of the world.

Acer, Dell, Asus, HP and other PC makers will offer education PCs with the new OS starting at $189. The PCs will be available this summer. The OS is free for all schools, and Office 365 is also free for teachers and education providers.

Until now, education providers like the University of Phoenix — which is a big user of Surface tablets — were mainly using the regular OS. But with Chromebook adoption growing, it remains to be seen if Windows 10 S could be a challenger.

Windows 10 S is “inspired by students and teachers,” said Terry Myerson, executive vice president of the Windows and Devices Group, during the event.

The OS will be easy to use, it’ll be easy to log into, and apps will be tuned to students to promote learning. There is new content for STEM education for the OS. Microsoft also showed off a Arduino-based robot, created as part of a STEM lesson plan. The OS will also support Minecraft Education Edition, which is popular with students.

The OS will run any browser, but Microsoft Edge has an advantage over others, Myerson said. During research, students can highlight parts of Web pages and share them with friends. That will encourage collaborative learning, and the Microsoft Teams software will be the hub for collaborative learning.

A Windows 10 S PC can be easily set up. It involves setting up user accounts on USB keys, which can be plugged into any PC with the OS. The USB key is detected by Windows and in less than 30 seconds, the PC is then set up to the specifications in the USB key.

At the New York event, Microsoft CEO Satya Nadella regaled the audience with a tale about how his grandfather’s education changed the trajectory of his career. In Indian villages, education is not a priority, but Nadella followed the footsteps of his grandfather.

Great teachers and motivated parents will change education, using technology as a tool, Nadella said. The technologies in classrooms should be easy to use, and should not be distracting, in order to help in collaborative learning, he said.

To further this goal, Microsoft is also looking to bring mixed reality into classrooms. The company is making available VR and AR software for headsets including HoloLens and Windows Mixed Reality headsets, which will ship from PC makers later this year.

UPDATE: Windows 10 S Users Cannot Switch Default Browser or Search Engine

Windows 10 S is even more limited than expected. If you own a laptop with the OS installed, you cannot switch your browser to say Chrome, neither can you change the default search engine within the Edge browser as it will always keep defaulting towards Bing.

The information has now been confirmed with Microsoft who releases a Q&A list on their website this morning. You will be able to download another browser in the Windows Store, but even then Microsoft Edge will force itself to remain the default browser the second you open a web-page. The same goes for the Microsoft search engine Bing: “the default search engine in Microsoft Edge and Internet Explorer can not be changed”. Users can still visit Google in Edge, but when you enter search terms in the browser bar, Microsoft Bing automatically opens, and this cannot be altered,

Earlier in 2012 Microsoft was charged by the European Commission because Internet Explorer was offered as a standard browser in Windows. According to the Commission, users always should have the ability to choose which browser they want to install for default, this to prevent unfair competition. Breaking that rule at the time resulted in a fine of half a billion euros for Microsoft.

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